Education Law is one area within the broad category of Civil Law dealing with essentially every aspect of the U. S. federal and state educational system(s). Comprised of laws and regulations on both the federal and state level, Education Law focuses on any institution or individual – including school faculty, school staff, students and parents of students – involved in that system. Consequently, if you are dealing with such issues as educational buildings, educational budgets and other funding, a board of education, educational programs and materials, school athletics, discipline within the educational setting, Civil Rights including rights against discrimination in education, the separation of Church and State within the educational system, students with disabilities or other special needs, school vouchers, charter schools, higher education, or educational justice, then you can expect Education Law to deal with those topics. Laws of other areas may also touch on these issues but you can be sure that Education Law deals with them.
The importance of education, the vast number of involved individuals/groups and the development of laws over a period of many decades have resulted in whole bodies of separately titled law dedicated to education. For example, California has the “California Education Code,” an extensive and complex system of laws dealing with the numerous aspects of the K-12, Community College, University and general community levels. On the Federal level, U. S. Code Title 20 governs Education and includes such statutes as the Equal Educational Opportunities Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act and Title IX of the Federal Education Amendments of 1972. While states adopt their own common laws and statutes, they must adhere to federal requirements, such as Title IX’s prohibition against discrimination based on gender.